Etna (called Mungibeddu or ‘a Muntagna in Sicilian dialect) is a Sicilian volcanic complex originated in the Quaternary Period and represents the highest terrestrial active volcano on the Eurasian plate. With the different eruptions connected to it, Etna has ceaselessly changed the landscape, often threatening communities that over the millennia have settled around it.
Its surface is characterized by a rich variety of environments that alternate between cityscapes, dense forests that preserve different endemic plant species, and desolate areas covered by magmatic rock, periodically subject to snow at higher altitudes.
On 21 June 2013, the thirty-seventh session of the UNESCO Committee awarded Mount Etna the title of World Heritage.
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