Brief History of Catania
According to the historian Thucydides, Katane was founded after 729 BC by the settlers of Naxos, on what is known today as Benedictine Hill. In the century to follow, Charondas the lawgiver introduced a moderate political order, a mix of oligarchy and democracy, but it was taken away by the tyrant, Hieron I (or Hiero I) of Syracuse in 476 BC. The inhabitants of Catania who were deported under his jurisdiction, were not able to return to the city until 461 BC, 15 years later.
The Romans came to Catania in 236 BC, during the Punic Wars. Their government was prosperous and rich and stably flourished until the imperial age. It is well known that the year 535 was marked by the barbarian invasions and the Byzantine conquest, and Catania was firmly involved. Indeed, in the 9th century, it was occupied by the Muslims, who redistributed the land and set up intense agricultural and commercial activities.